CHAPTER THIRTEEN – METHOD OF REVELATION OF THE HOLY QURAN

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“The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed; a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction…[1]

“Surely We revealed it on a blessed night surely We are ever warning…[2]

“In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Surely We revealed it on the grand night. And what will make you comprehend what the grand night; the grand night is better than a thousand months. The angels and Gibreel descend in it by the permission of their Lord for every affair; Peace! It is till the break of the morning.[3]

 

Hafs Ibn Gheyaas, a companion of Imam Sadeq (a.s.), reports, “I asked him (a.s.) about the word of Allah, ‘The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed’, while it was revealed over a period of twenty years between the first and the last revelation.” Imam (a.s.) replied, “The Quran was revealed all at once in the month of Ramazan to the Bait al-Mamoor (in the fourth heaven). Thereafter, it was revealed over a period of twenty years. The Prophet (a.s.) has informed that the Scriptures of Ibraheem (a.s.) was revealed in the first night of the month of Ramazan; the Old Testament (Torah) was revealed on the 6th night of the month of Ramazan; the New Testament (Bible) was revealed on the 13th night of the month of Ramazan; the Psalms were revealed on the 18th night of the month of Ramazan and the Quran was revealed on the 23rd night of the month of Ramazan.[4]

 

The Holy Quran and the Blessed Month of Ramazan:

From the above verses and traditions, we know that the Holy Quran was revealed in the blessed month of Ramazan. Hence, it is highly recommended to welcome this month with the recitation. Moreover, we have also been advised by the infallible guides to complete at least one complete Quran in this month but with deliberation and pondering over its verses.

Imam Sadeq (a.s.) said, “The best of the months is the month of Allah – Mighty be His Remembrance – and it is the month of Ramazan. The heart of the month of the Ramazan is the Night of Power and the Quran was revealed in the first night of the month of Ramazan; thus, welcome this month with the recitation of Quran.[5]

Abu Baseer, the famous companion of Imam Jafar Sadeq (a.s.), asked him, “May I be held your ransom! Should I recite the (complete) Quran in the month of Ramazan in one night?” He (a.s.) replied, “No.” “Two nights?” he inquired. Again, the response was in the negative. “Three nights?” was his query again. Imam (a.s.) approved but advised, “O Aba Muhammad! For the month of Ramazan, there is a right and a reverence which is unmatched by any month. The companions of (Holy Prophet) Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) used to finish it in a month or even lesser….when you pass by any verse in which the paradise is mentioned, then stop and ask Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He – for paradise. And when you pass by a verse in which the hell is discussed, then stop and seek refuge in Allah from the Hell-fire.[6]

[1] Surah Baqarah (2): Verse 185

[2] Surah Dukhaan (44): Verse 3

[3] Surah Qadr (97)

[4] Al-Kaafi, vol. 2, p. 628, H. 6

[5] Al-Kaafi, vol. 4, p. 65, H. 1

[6] Al-Kaafi, vol. 2, p. 617, H. 2