Love and Obedience

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عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ اَنَّ رَسُولَ اللّهِ ﷺ حِينَ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ وَ اسْتَحْكَمَ الْاِسْلَامَ قَالَتِ الْاَنْصَارُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ يَأْتِي رَسُولُ اللّهِ ﷺ فَنَقُولُ لَهُ تَعْرُوكَ اُمُورٌ فَهَذِهِ اَمْوَالُنَا فَاحْكُمْ فِيهَا غَيْرَ حَرِجٍ وَ لَا مَحْظُورٍ عَلَيْكَ فَاَتَوْهُ فِي ذَلِكَ فَنَزَلَ قُلْ لا اَسْئَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ اَجْراً اِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبى‏ فَقَرَاَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ تَوَدُّونَ قَرَابَتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي فَخَرَجُوا مِنْ عِنْدِهِ مُسَلِّمِينَ لِقَوْلِهِ فَقَالَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ اِنَّ هَذَا لَشَيْ‏ءٌ افْتَرَاهُ فِي مَجْلِسِهِ اَرَادَ بِذَلِكَ اَنْ يُذَلِّلَنَا لِقَرَابَتِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَنَزَلَتْ اَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرى‏ عَلَى اللّهِ كَذِباً فَاَرْسَلَ اِلَيْهِمْ فَتَلَاهَا عَلَيْهِمْ فَبَكَوْا وَ اشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَاَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ وَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبادِهِ الْآيَةَ فَاَرْسَلَ فِي اَثَرِهِمْ فَبَشَّرَهُمْ قَالَ وَ يَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ سَلَّمُوا لِقَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ تَعَالَى وَ مَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيها حُسْناً اَيْ مَنْ فَعَلَ طَاعَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِي تِلْكَ الطَّاعَةِ حُسْناً بِاَنْ نُوجِبَ لَهُ الثَّوَاب

Ibn Abbas reports, “When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) came to Madinah and Islam became strong, the Ansar said among themselves, ‘When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) comes we will say, ‘Affairs (of Islam like battles) have put you in hardships. This is our wealth. You can use it as you will without any restriction and prohibition upon you’. They came with this intention. At this point, the verse, ‘Say: I don’t ask you for any reward but that you love my closest relatives’ was revealed. He (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) recited it for them and said, ‘Love my relatives after me.’ They went away submitting to his advice. The hypocrites insinuated, ‘This is a lie which he has forged in his gathering. By this, he intends to subjugate us before his relatives after him.’ Immediately, the following verse was revealed, ‘Or are they saying that he has forged a lie against Allah?’ He (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) called for them and recited for them the verse. They cried. He (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) became even more severe upon them. At which, the verse, ‘And He is the One Who accepts the repentance from His servants… (Till the end of the verse)’ was revealed, due to which, he (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) sent for them and gave them glad-tidings. ‘And He answers those who believe…’ and these were those who had submitted to his word. Thereafter, Allah the High said, ‘Whoever earns a good deed, We will increase for him in it a goodness…” yes, whoever does an act of obedience, we will increase for him in this act of obedience a goodness i.e. We will make him eligible for reward.”

Note:

One of the important prerequisites of love is obedience. Hadis says, ان المحب لمن يحب مطيع ‘Surely the lover obeys the one whom he loves’. If someone loves the Ahle Bait (peace be upon them), he must obey them.

References:

1.    Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 23, p. 231

2.    Ta’veel al-Aayaat al-Zaaherah, p. 531 under the verse of Surah Shura, Verse 23

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