عَنِ الْحَاكِمِ اَبِي الْقَاسِمِ الْحَسْكَانِيِّ عَنِ الْقَاضِي اَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحِيرِيِّ [الْحِمْيَرِيِ] عَنْ اَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ الضُّبَعِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ السَّرِيِّ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ الْحِمَّانِيِّ عَنْ حُسَيْنٍ الْاَشْتَرِ عَنْ قَيْسٍ عَنِ الْاَعْمَشِ عَنِ ابْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ قُلْ لا اَسْئَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ اَجْراً الْآيَةَ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ مَنْ هَؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ اُمِرْنَا بِمَوَدَّتِهِمْ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ وَ فَاطِمَةُ وَ وُلْدُهُمَا
Al-Haakim al-Haskaani narrates vide his chain of narrators that when the verse, “Say I don’t ask you any reward for my prophethood except the love of my closest relatives” Ibn Abbas reports, “The people asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Who are these we are ordered to love them?’ He (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) replied, “Ali, Fatima and their progeny.”
- In other traditions, in the same reference, the names Imam Hasan (peace be upon him) and Imam Husain (peace be upon him) have also come.
- Hakim Haskani is a well-known scholar of Ahl Tasannun. He is from Haskaan which is in Neshapour in Iran. The narrator is Ibn Abbas, which shows the importance of the narration.
- It is obvious that Allah has not ordered to love the relatives who were sinners, transgressors and disbelievers. He also did not order to love the relatives who were ordinary believers. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) clearly specified those who ought to be loved.
1. Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 23, p. 229
2. Shawaahed al-Tanzeel of Al-Haakim al-Haskaani, vol. 2, p. 193 under the verse.