Hallmarks of a Shia

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ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฏูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูƒูŽุชูŽุจูŽ ุงูู„ูŽูŠูŽู‘ ุงูŽุจููˆ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุณูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฑูู‘ุถูŽุงุ‘ ุนูŽุงููŽุงู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽ ุงููŠูŽู‘ุงูƒูŽ ุงูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ูŽ ุนูŽุงูููŠูŽุชูู‡ู ุงูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ุดููŠุนูŽุชูู†ูŽุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุงุจูŽุนูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุฎูŽุงู„ููู’ู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽ ุงูุฐูŽุง ุฎููู’ู†ูŽุง ุฎูŽุงููŽ ูˆูŽ ุงูุฐูŽุง ุงูŽู…ูู†ูŽู‘ุง ุงูŽู…ูู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ููŽุณู’ุฆูŽู„ููˆุง ุงูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฐูู‘ูƒู’ุฑู ุงูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ู„ุง ุชูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ู„ุง ู†ูŽููŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุทุงุฆูููŽุฉูŒ ู„ููŠูŽุชูŽููŽู‚ูŽู‘ู‡ููˆุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ู ูˆูŽ ู„ููŠูู†ู’ุฐูุฑููˆุง ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุงู„ู’ุขูŠูŽุฉูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ููุฑูุถูŽุชู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุงูŽู„ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽ ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุฏูู‘ ุงูู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠููู’ุฑูŽุถู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงุจู ุงูŽ ูˆูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูู†ู’ู‡ูŽูˆู’ุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุซู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณูŽุงุฆูู„ู ููŽุงูŽุจูŽูŠู’ุชูู…ู’ ุงูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู†ู’ุชูŽู‡ููˆุง ุงููŠูŽู‘ุงูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽ ุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ููŽุงูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ู‡ูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุจููƒูŽุซู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุณูุคูŽุงู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูุงูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠุง ุงูŽูŠูู‘ู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ูŽู†ููˆุง ู„ุง ุชูŽุณู’ุฆูŽู„ููˆุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงูŽุดู’ูŠุงุกูŽ ุงูู†ู’ ุชูุจู’ุฏูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุชูŽุณูุคู’ูƒูู…ู’โ€

Ahmad Ibn Muhammad reports, โ€œ(Imam) Abu al-Hasan al-Reza (peace be upon him) wrote to me,

โ€œMay Allah keep us and you safe in the best of safety! Surely, our Shiite is the one who follows us and does not disobey us. When we are fearful, he is fearful and when we are safe, he is safe. Allah says, โ€˜Then ask the people of remembrance if you know not.โ€™ And He says, โ€œโ€ฆthen why does not a group among you go to acquire deep knowledge in religion and warn their nation (till the end of the verse).โ€™ Indeed, He has made asking obligatory upon you and referring unto us but He has not made replying obligatory upon us. Have you not been prohibited from excessive questioning? But you refused to restrain yourself. Surely, many people before you have been destroyed due to their excessive questioning from their Prophets (peace be upon them). Allah says, โ€˜O you who believe! Donโ€™t ask about things which if they are manifested for you, will hurt you.โ€™

Note:

Sometimes, in traditions, a word is used in its real and actual sense and at other times, it is used to show its higher or highest levels. For example, a tradition says,

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ๏ทบ ู„ูŽุง ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูููŽุงุชูุญูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู

The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) said, โ€œNo prayer is performed without the Surah Faatehah.โ€ Here, it is used in its real meaning.

But sometimes, it is used in its higher meanings like ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ๏ทบ ู„ูŽุง ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ู„ูุฌูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ุงูู„ูŽู‘ุง ูููŠ ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏูู‡ู The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) remarked, โ€œThe prayer of a mosqueโ€™s neighbor will not be valid till he prays in the mosque.โ€ Here, it is only showing the importance of praying in a mosque. It does not mean that his prayer is void if he doesnโ€™t pray in a mosque. It only implies that it will become more complete if he follows this advice. The same applies for the word Shia or Muslim or Momin or Muttaqi, etc. The more a person follows, the higher his position is. It doesnโ€™t mean that if somebody does not follow 100% he is not a Shia.

References:

1.    Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 23, p. 183, H. 44

2.    Tafseer al-Ayyaashi (r.a.), vol. 2, p. 261, H. 33

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