Obligatory to love and hate only for the sake of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (peace be on him)


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اَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَسْكَرِيِّ عَنْ آبَائِهٖؑ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِبَعْضِ اَصْحَابِهِ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ يَا عَبْدَ اللهِ اَحِبَّ فِي اللهِ وَ اَبْغِضْ فِي اللهِ وَ وَالِ فِي اللهِ وَ عَادِ فِي اللهِ فَاِنَّهٗ لَا تَنَالُ وَلَايَةَ اللهِ اِلَّا بِذٰلِكَ وَ لَا يَجِدُ رَجُلٌ طَعْمَ الْاِيمَانِ وَ اِنْ كَثُرَتْ صَلَاتُهٗ وَ صِيَامُهٗ حَتّٰى يَكُونَ كَذٰلِكَ وَ قَدْ صَارَتْ مُؤَاخَاةُ النَّاسِ يَوْمَكُمْ هٰذَا اَكْثَرُهَا فِي الدُّنْيَا عَلَيْهَا يَتَوَادُّونَ وَ عَلَيْهَا يَتَبَاغَضُونَ وَ ذٰلِكَ لَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُمْ مِنَ اللهِ شَيْئًا فَقَالَ لَهٗ وَ كَيْفَ لِي اَنْ اَعْلَمَ اَنِّي قَدْ وَالَيْتُ وَ عَادَيْتُ فِي اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ مَنْ وَلِيُّ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ حَتّٰى اُوَالِيَهُ وَ مَنْ عَدُوُّهُ حَتّٰى اُعَادِيَهُ فَاَشَارَ لَهٗ رَسُولُ اللهِ ص اِلَى عَلِيٍّ ع فَقَالَ اَ تَرَى هٰذَا فَقَالَ بَلَى قَالَ وَلِيُّ هٰذَا وَلِيُّ اللهِ فَوَالِهِ وَ عَدُوُّ هٰذَا عَدُوُّ اللهِ فَعَادِهٖ قَالَ وَالِ وَلِيَّ هٰذَا وَ لَوْ اَنَّهٗ قَاتِلُ اَبِيكَ وَ وُلْدِكَ وَ عَادِ عَدُوَّ هٰذَا وَ لَوْ اَنَّهٗ اَبُوكَ اَوْ وُلْدُكَ

Imam al-Hasan al-Askari (peace be upon him) informs vide his infallible ancestors that

One day, the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him and his progeny) addressed some of his companions thus, ‘O servant of Allah! Love for the sake of Allah, hate for the sake of Allah, befriend for the sake of Allah and bear enmity for the sake of Allah because the Allah’s guardianship cannot be obtained except through this. A person cannot taste the sweetness of faith even if his prayers and fasting are excessive till he is like this. Today, most of the brotherhood among the people is on account of this world. They love due to it and they bear malice because of it. Such (love and malice due to worldly gains and losses) will not gain anything for them from Allah.”

A companion asked him, “How should I know that my friendship and enmity is for Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He – and who is the friend of Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He –that I may befriend him and who is His enemy that I bear enmity against him?”

The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him and his progeny) indicated towards Ali (peace be on him) and asked, “Do you see him?”

He replied, “Yes.”

He (peace be on him and his progeny) reaffirmed, “His friend is Allah’s friend so befriend him and his enemy is Allah’s enemy so bear enmity against him (i.e. Ali’s enemy).” He (peace be on him and his progeny) reiterated, “Befriend his friend even if he is the killer of your father and your children. And bear enmity against his enemy even if he is your father and your brother.”

References:

1.    Tafseer al-Imam al-Hasan al-Askari (peace be on him), p. 47

2.    Ma’ani al-Akhbaar, p. 36, H. 9

3.    Sifaat al-Shiah, p. 45

4.    Elal al-Sharaae’, vol. 1, p. 140, Chapter 119, H. 1

5.    Al-Amaali of al-Shaikh al-Sadooq (r.a.), p. 11, 3rd Majlis, H. 7

6.    Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 27, p. 54, Chapter 1, H. 8

7.    Wasaael al-Shiah, vol. 16, p. 178, Chapter 17, H. 21287


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