عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ لِي اَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِؑ اِنَّهُ مَنْ عَرَفَ دِينَهُ مِنْ كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ زَالَتِ الْجِبَالُ قَبْلَ اَنْ يَزُولَ وَ مَنْ دَخَلَ فِي اَمْرٍ بِجَهْلٍ خَرَجَ مِنْهُ بِجَهْلٍ قُلْتُ وَ مَا هُوَ فِي كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ قَالَ قَوْلُ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا وَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ اَطاعَ اللَّهَ وَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يا اَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَ اَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَ أُولِي الْاَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ وَ قَوْلُهُ تَبَارَكَ اسْمُهُ اِنَّما وَلِيُّكُمُ اللهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَ يُؤْتُونَ الزَّكاةَ وَ هُمْ راكِعُونَ وَ قَوْلُهُ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ فَلا وَ رَبِّكَ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيما شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لا يَجِدُوا فِي اَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجاً مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَ يُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيماً وَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يا اَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ ما أُنْزِلَ اِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَ اِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَما بَلَّغْتَ رِسالَتَهُ وَ اللهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَ مِنْ ذٰلِكَ قَوْلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ لِعَلِيٍّؑ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالَاهُ وَ عَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ وَ انْصُرْ مَنْ نَصَرَهُ وَ اخْذُلْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُ وَ اَحِبَّ مَنْ اَحَبَّهُ وَ اَبْغِضْ مَنْ اَبْغَضَه
Muhammad al-Halabi (r.a.) reports that Imam Abu Abdillah al-Sadeq (peace be upon him) told me, “Surely, the one who knows his religion from the Book of Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He, the mountains will move before he moves. But whoever enters an affair with ignorance, will come out of it with ignorance.” I asked, “And where is this (point) in the Book of Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He?” He (peace be upon him) replied, “The word of Allah – Mighty and Majestic be He – ‘Whatever the Messenger gives you, take it and from whatever he prohibits, abstain from it’ and His word – Mighty and Majestic be He, ‘Whoever obeys the Messenger then indeed he has obeyed Allah’ and His word – Mighty and Majestic be He – ‘O you who believe! Obey Allah, obey His Messenger and obey those possessing authority among you’ and His word – Blessed be His Name – ‘Your Master are only Allah, His Messenger and those who believe, establish the prayers and give charity during genuflection’ and His word – Mighty is His Majesty – ‘By your Lord, they will not believe till they appoint you as a judge in their disputes and then they don’t find any hesitation in their hearts for what you judge and submit with a total submission’ andHis word– Mighty and Majestic be He – ‘O Messenger! Convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord. And if you don’t do it, then as if you have not conveyed the message at all. And Allah will protect you from the people’. From this is the saying of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) to Ali (peace be upon him), ‘Of whosoever I am his master, this Ali is his master too. O Allah! You take him as a slave who takes him as his master, bear enmity against the one who bears enmity against him, help him who helps him (Ali) and forsake him who forsakes him, love him who loves him and hate him who hates him.”
In Aleppo (Halab), Syria, great scholars were found. Some of them were in the era of the infallible Imams (peace be upon them) and the other group was after their (peace be upon him) period. The narrator of this tradition was from the former group.
When you learn your religion from the Holy Quran, your religion will be with knowledge and strong. He is taking the religion from its pure source viz. the two heavy things.
Mountains don’t move easily. They are a symbol of firmness, strength and steadfastness. When one’s faith is taken from the Holy Quran and the holy Ahle Bait (peace be upon them), then the mountains can move but not the faith of this believer. Hujr Ibn Adi (r.a.) and his friends (r.a.) faced terrible torture from Moaviyah but they didn’t budge from their faith.
Then Imam (peace be upon him) proceeds to cite evidences of mastership from the Holy Quran. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) has ordered for the mastership of Ameerul Momineen (peace be upon him). One should believe from the heart, not only apparently. If somebody does not believe from the heart, he is not a believer (as per the verse of Surah Nisaa).
Objection: Is the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) mustajaab al-da’wah (i.e. one whose supplication is accepted) or not?
Answer: It’s clear that he (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) is so.
Objection: They object then this tradition is incorrect because many people abandoned him. But they were not abandoned.
Answers: There are two answers for this:
1) The Holy Quran says, “قالَ قَدْ أُجيبَتْ دَعْوَتُكُما فَاسْتَقيما وَ لا تَتَّبِعانِ سَبيلَ الَّذينَ لا يَعْلَمُونَ” “He (Allah) said: Indeed, the supplication of you two has been accepted, so be firm and don’t follow the path of those who don’t know.” (Surah Yunus (10): Verse 89). But in the traditions, it has come that their supplication was accepted after forty years.
ابْنُ اَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ اَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِؑ قَالَ كَانَ بَيْنَ قَوْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ قَدْ أُجِيبَتْ دَعْوَتُكُما وَ بَيْنَ اَخْذِ فِرْعَوْنَ اَرْبَعِينَ عَاماً
(Kaafi, vol. 2, p. 489, H. 5). Is this verse fabricated?
2) Are materialistic matters more important than spiritual ones? Who is more successful; the one who eats well but does not pray or the one who eats simple bread but prays? A true believer, inwardly and outwardly, but poor is better than a rich but irreligious man. Is it not so? Who is the loser? Similarly, the Muslims were abandoned in spiritual matters and those of knowledge. If material belongings were so important, Allah would have given his most beloved creature (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) all material pleasures.
1. Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 23, p. 102, H. 11
2. Bashaarah al-Mustafa (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) Le Shiah al-Murataza (peace be upon him) by Emaaduddin Tabari (r.a.) [a 6th century scholar] p. 129)