The Imams of Guidance and the Imams of Deviation

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عَنْ اَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ ع قَالَ: قَرَأْتُ فِي‏ كِتَابِ‏ اَبِي‏ الْاَئِمَّةِ فِي‏ كِتَابِ‏ اللهِ اِمَامَانِ اِمَامُ الْهُدَى وَ اِمَامُ الضَّلَالِ فَاَمَّا اَئِمَّةُ الْهُدَى فَيُقَدِّمُونَ اَمْرَ اللهِ قَبْلَ اَمْرِهِمْ وَ حُكْمَ اللهِ قَبْلَ حُكْمِهِمْ وَ اَمَّا اَئِمَّةُ الضَّلَالِ فَاِنَّهُمْ يُقَدِّمُونَ اَمْرَهُمْ قَبْلَ اَمْرِ اللهِ حُكْمُهُمْ قَبْلَ حُكْمِ اللهِ اتِّبَاعًا لِاَهْوَائِهِمْ وَ خِلَافًا لِمَا فِي الْكِتَابِ.

Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) informs,

“I read in the book of the father of Imams (Ali a.s.), ‘In the Book of Allah, there are two (kinds of) Imam: the Imam of guidance and the Imam of deviation. As for the Imams of guidance, they give preference to Allah’s command prior to their own command and Allah’s judgment prior to their judgment. But as for the Imams of deviation, then surely they give preference to their command before Allah’s command and their judgment before Allah’s judgment, following their carnal desires and opposing whatever is in the Book.”


1.    Basaaer al-Darajaat, vol. 1, p. 32, H. 1

2.    Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 24, p. 156, H. 14

3.    Fragrance of Mastership H. 24

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